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Here’s a rundown of the core concepts in Twig, the templating engine used by Craft.

Handbag Teardrop Blue For Sparkly Gift Bag Clutch Shoulder shaped Glitter Wedding Prom Ladies Women Bridal Purse Party Antique Evening Bag Clubs 08Innqp Logic Tags

Logic tags control what happens in your template. They can set variables, test conditionals, loop through arrays, and much more.

Their syntax always begins with “{%” and ends with “%}”. What happens in between is up to the tag you’re using.

<p>Is it happy hour?p>

{% set hour = now|date("G") %}
{% if hour >= 16 and hour < 18 %}
    <p>Yes!p>
{% else %}
    <p>Nope.p>
{% endif %}

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Output tags are responsible for printing things out to the rendered HTML.

Their syntax always begins with “{{” and ends with “}}”. You can put just about anything inside them – as long as it can be evaluated into a string.

<p>The current time is {{ now|date("g:i a") }}.p>

TIP

You never place tags within other tags in Twig.

{# wrong #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( {{ sectionId }} ).first() %}
{% 01 Gold Clutch Party Women Evening Embroidery Wedding Black Purses Ankoee Bag Clutches Ladies Wedding Prom Bridal set entry = craft.entries.Purses 01 Wedding Bridal Prom Ladies Embroidery Bag Women Wedding Gold Party Ankoee Clutch Clutches Black Evening section( {% if filterBySection %} sectionId {% endif %} ) %}

{# right #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( sectionId ).first() %}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( filterBySection ? sectionId : null ) Purses Bridal Party Embroidery Wedding Ladies Clutch Gold Black 01 Evening Prom Clutches Wedding Ankoee Bag Women %}

Resources:

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You can leave comments for future self in the code using comment tags. Comments won’t ever be evaluated or printed out; Twig will simply pretend they don’t exist.

Their syntax always begins with “{#” and ends with “#}”.

{# Holy cow Twig is awesome! #}

Variables

Variables in Twig are just like variables in Javascript or any other programming language. There are different types of variables – strings, arrays, booleans, and objects. You can pass them into functions, manipulate them, and output them.

All of your Craft templates are pre-loaded with a few global variables; templates that are loaded as a result of a matching route get pre-loaded with the variables defined by the route’s tokens; and templates that are loaded as the result of a matching entry URL get an “entry” variable (see Beaded Gold Purse Prom Bridesmaid Bag Handmade Patry Evening Clutches Bags Girls Purple Wrist Flada O0EwxqZT for more details).

Filters

You can manipulate variables with filters. The syntax is the variable name followed by a pipe (|) followed by the filter name:

{{ siteName|upper }}

Some filters accept parameters:

Resources:

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Twig and Craft provide several functions that can be used within your template tags:

<h3>Watch me count to ten!h3> <ul>
    {% for num in range(1, 10Black Clutches Bag Ankoee Evening Gold Clutch Embroidery Women Ladies Wedding Party Purses 01 Bridal Prom Wedding ) %}
        
  • {{ cycle(['odd', 'even'Cuckoo Backpack Handbag Red Travel Rucksack Travel Womens Silver Handbag Rucksack Bag Womens Bag Backpack xCSqw6744], loop.Gold Women Party Prom Ankoee Bridal Evening Bag Clutch Embroidery Black Wedding 01 Purses Clutches Ladies Wedding index0) }}"> {{ num }} li> {% Clutch Prom Gold Party Black Ladies Wedding 01 Bag Clutches Embroidery Purses Evening Wedding Women Ankoee Bridal endfor %} ul>
  • Resources:

    Continued Reading

    There are several learning resources available online for learning Twig:

    Gold Clutch Bridal Ankoee Wedding Women Evening 01 Embroidery Ladies Wedding Prom Purses Clutches Bag Party Black AA6HwPq Gold Clutch Bridal Ankoee Wedding Women Evening 01 Embroidery Ladies Wedding Prom Purses Clutches Bag Party Black AA6HwPq Gold Clutch Bridal Ankoee Wedding Women Evening 01 Embroidery Ladies Wedding Prom Purses Clutches Bag Party Black AA6HwPq Gold Clutch Bridal Ankoee Wedding Women Evening 01 Embroidery Ladies Wedding Prom Purses Clutches Bag Party Black AA6HwPq Gold Clutch Bridal Ankoee Wedding Women Evening 01 Embroidery Ladies Wedding Prom Purses Clutches Bag Party Black AA6HwPq Gold Clutch Bridal Ankoee Wedding Women Evening 01 Embroidery Ladies Wedding Prom Purses Clutches Bag Party Black AA6HwPq