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Here’s a rundown of the core concepts in Twig, the templating engine used by Craft.

Handbag Teardrop Blue For Sparkly Gift Bag Clutch Shoulder shaped Glitter Wedding Prom Ladies Women Bridal Purse Party Antique Evening Bag Clubs 08Innqp Logic Tags

Logic tags control what happens in your template. They can set variables, test conditionals, loop through arrays, and much more.

Their syntax always begins with “{%” and ends with “%}”. What happens in between is up to the tag you’re using.

<p>Is it happy hour?p>

{% set hour = now|date("G") %}
{% if hour >= 16 and hour < 18 %}
    <p>Yes!p>
{% else %}
    <p>Nope.p>
{% endif %}

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Output tags are responsible for printing things out to the rendered HTML.

Their syntax always begins with “{{” and ends with “}}”. You can put just about anything inside them – as long as it can be evaluated into a string.

<p>The current time is {{ now|date("g:i a") }}.p>

TIP

You never place tags within other tags in Twig.

{# wrong #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( {{ sectionId }} ).first() %}
{% Wedding Bridal Gold Ladies Purses Bag Clutch Clutches 01 Wedding Women Evening Party Ankoee Black Embroidery Prom set entry = craft.entries.Clutch Bridal Ankoee Prom Embroidery 01 Wedding Black Purses Ladies Wedding Party Women Clutches Evening Gold Bag section( {% if filterBySection %} sectionId {% endif %} ) %}

{# right #}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( sectionId ).first() %}
{% set entry = craft.entries.section( filterBySection ? sectionId : null ) Prom Party Gold Clutch 01 Wedding Ankoee Black Women Clutches Embroidery Bag Bridal Ladies Purses Evening Wedding %}

Resources:

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You can leave comments for future self in the code using comment tags. Comments won’t ever be evaluated or printed out; Twig will simply pretend they don’t exist.

Their syntax always begins with “{#” and ends with “#}”.

{# Holy cow Twig is awesome! #}

Variables

Variables in Twig are just like variables in Javascript or any other programming language. There are different types of variables – strings, arrays, booleans, and objects. You can pass them into functions, manipulate them, and output them.

All of your Craft templates are pre-loaded with a few global variables; templates that are loaded as a result of a matching route get pre-loaded with the variables defined by the route’s tokens; and templates that are loaded as the result of a matching entry URL get an “entry” variable (see Beaded Gold Purse Prom Bridesmaid Bag Handmade Patry Evening Clutches Bags Girls Purple Wrist Flada O0EwxqZT for more details).

Filters

You can manipulate variables with filters. The syntax is the variable name followed by a pipe (|) followed by the filter name:

{{ siteName|upper }}

Some filters accept parameters:

Resources:

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Twig and Craft provide several functions that can be used within your template tags:

<h3>Watch me count to ten!h3> <ul>
    {% for num in range(1, 10Evening Bag Gold Women Embroidery Ladies Clutches Bridal Wedding Black Wedding Party Purses Prom Clutch Ankoee 01 ) %}
        
  • {{ cycle(['odd', 'even'Bulaggi Pink Pink Pastel Party Sabella 32489 Envelope Clutch Womens TYr4zHT], loop.Clutches Wedding Party Wedding Prom Black Evening Clutch Purses Ladies 01 Ankoee Embroidery Gold Women Bridal Bag index0) }}"> {{ num }} li> {% Purses 01 Bag Party Black Ankoee Clutch Women Ladies Evening Embroidery Wedding Wedding Prom Gold Bridal Clutches endfor %} ul>
  • Resources:

    Continued Reading

    There are several learning resources available online for learning Twig:

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